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August 4 — August 10, 2014

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Monday, August 4
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SYNOPSIS:
William Schuman, Chairman of the Board ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
William Schuman (1910-1992):
Symphony No. 3
New York Philharmonic; Leonard Bernstein, cond.
Sony Classical 63163

Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856):
Symphony No. 1 (Spring)
Berlin Philharmonic; James Levine, cond.
DG 435 856

Roy Harris (1899-1979):
Symphony No. 1
Louisville Orchestra; Jorge Mester, cond.
Albany/Louisville First Edition 012

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On William Schuman

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1875 — Italian opera composer Italo Montemezzi, in Vigasio (near Verona);
1901 — Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong, in New Orleans; Uncertain of the exact day (or year), Armstrong and his manager came up with the idea of saying he was born on the 4th of July in the year 1900;
1910 — American composer William Schuman, in New York; He won the first Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1943 for his Walt Whitman cantata, "A Free Song";
1912 — American composer David Raksin, in Philadelphia, Pa.; He wrote more than 100 film scores, including the 1944 film noire classic "Laura";

Deaths:
1930 — German opera composer and conductor Siegfried Wagner, age 61, in Bayreuth; He was the son of the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner, and little Siegfried's birth was celebrated musically in the elder Wagner's "Siegfried Idyll";

Premieres:
1940 — Milhaud: "Le Cortège funèbre" (Funeral March), on a CBS Radio broadcast conducted by the composer;
1972 — Wuorinen: Violin Concerto, for amplified violin and orchestra, at the Tanglewood Festival in Mass., by violinist Paul Zukofsky and the Boston Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas conducting;
1976 — Menotti: Symphony No. 1 ("The Halcyon"), at Saratoga Springs, N.Y., by the Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy conducting;
1998 — Danielpour: Bassoon Quintet, by bassoonist Stephen Walt and the Muir String Quartet, in Williamstown, Mass.;
2001 — John Tavener: "Song of the Cosmos," at a Proms Concert in London, by soprano Patricia Rozario, baritone Father Meliton, The Bach Choir and the BBC Philharmonic, Hill conducting;


Tuesday, August 5
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SYNOPSIS:
Mozart's First (and Fashions) ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Wolfgang Mozart (1756 – 1791):
Symphony No. 1, K. 16
Prague Chamber Orchestra; Charles Mackerras, cond.
Telarc 80256

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Mozart

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1623 — Italian opera composer Marc Antonio Cesti, in Arezzo;
1694 — Italian composer and organist Leonardo Leo, in San Vito degli Schiavi(near Brindisi); He was one of the founders of the Neapolitan School of composition;
1811 — French composer Ambroise Thomas, in Metz;
1926 — French composer of American parentage Betsy Jolas, in Paris;

Deaths:
1891 — English-born French composer, pianist and music publisher Charles Henry Litolff, age 73, in Bois-Colombes (near Paris);
1916 — English composer George Butterworth, age 31, in France, as a British soldier during the battle of Pozières;

Premieres:
1956 — Ned Rorem: Symphony No. 2, at La Jolla, Calif.;
1972 — David Del Tredici: "Vintage Alice" for soprano and chamber ensemble (to a text by Lewis Carroll), in Saratoga, California;
2000 — Richard Danielpour: Violin Concerto ("A Fool's Paradise"), at the Saratoga Center for the Performing Arts, in Saratoga, N.Y., by the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Charles Dutoit, with soloist Chantal Juillet;


Wednesday, August 6
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SYNOPSIS:
Rebecca Clarke ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Rebecca Clarke (1886 – 1970):
Prelude, Allegro, and Pastorale, Op. 11
Robert Plane, cl;Philip Dukes, vla.
Naxos 8.557934

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Rebecca Clarke

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Deaths:
1904 — Austrian music critic and university professor Eduard Hanslick, champion of Brahms and enemy of Wagner, dies in Vienna, aged 78
1970 — German-born American composer Ingolf Dahl, age 68, in Frutigen, Switzerland;

Premieres:
1946 — American premiere of Britten: opera "Peter Grimes," at Berkshire Music Center (Tangelwood), with Leonard Bernstein conducting;
1947 — Villa-Lobos: "Bachianas Brasileiras" No. 8, in Rome, conducted by the composer;
1947 — Von Einem: opera "Dantons Tod" (The Death of Danton) at the Salzburg, Festival in Austria,with Ferenc Fricsay conducting;
1966 — Henze: "Die Bassariden" (after Euripides' play "The Bacchae") at the Salzburg Festival in Austria;
1967 — Piston: Clarinet Concerto, during the Fifth Congregation of the Arts at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire;
1988 — Ned Rorem: “Bright Music” for flute, two violins, cello and piano, at Presbyterian Church, Bridgehampton (New York), by the Bridgehampton Chamber Music Associates;
2000 — Joan Tower: "Big Sky" for piano trio, in LaJolla, Calif., at a SummerFest concert featuring Chee-Yun (violin), David Finckel (cello) and Wu Han (piano);


Thursday, August 7
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SYNOPSIS:
Hanson and Thomas at summer camp ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Howard Hanson (1896 – 1981):
Symphony No. 7 (A Sea Symphony)
Seattle Symphony and Chorale; Gerard Schwarz, cond.
Delos 3130

Augusta Read Thomas (b. 1964):
Wind Dances
Louisville Orchestra; Lawrence Leighton Smith, cond.
Albany/ Louisville First Edition 010

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Howard Hanson
On Music at Interlochen
On Augusta Read Thomas
On the Aspen Music Festival

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1818 — English-born French composer, pianist and music publisher Charles Henry Litolff, in London;
1868 — British composer Sir Granville Bantock, in London;
1896 — Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona, in Havana; He composed a number of popular Latin pop melodies, including his famous "Malagueña";
1921 — Czech-born, American composer and conductor Karel Husa, in Prague; He became an American citizen in 1959; In 1969 he won the Pulitzer Prize for Music for his String Quartet No. 3;
1925 — Spanish-born American composer Julián Orbón, in Aviles;

Deaths:
1893 — Italian opera composer Alfred Caatalani, age 39, in Milan;
1913 — Czech composer and cellist David Popper, age 69, in Baden (near Vienna);
1970 — German-born American composer Ingolf Dahl, age 58, in Bernem Switzerland;

Premieres:
1912 — Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 1, in Moscow, with the composer (age 21) as soloist (Julian date: July 26);
1977 — Hanson: Symphony No. 7 ("A Sea Symphony") at the National Music Camp in Interlochen, Michigan;
1981 — Cerha: opera "Baal," at the Salzburg Festival in Austria;
1981 — John Harbison: Piano Quintet, at the Sante Fe Chamber Music Festival in New Mexico, with Edward Auer (piano), Ani Kavafian (violin), Walter Trampler (viola), Timothy Eddy (cello);
1991 — David Del Tredici: "An Alice Symphony" (first complete performance), during the Tanglewood Music Festival in Lenox, Mass.;
2001 — Augusta Read Thomas: "Murmurs in the Mist of Memory," at the Aspen Music Festival in Colorado, by the International Sejong Soloists;


Friday, August 8
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SYNOPSIS:
Poulenc's "Model Animals" ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Francis Poulenc (1899 – 1963):
Les animaux modeles
French National Orchestra; Charles Dutoit, cond.
London 452 937

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Francis Poulenc
More on Poulenc

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1857 — French composer Cécile Chaminade, in Paris;
1905 — French composer André Jolivet, in Paris;
1938 — Canadian composer Jacques Hétu, in Trois Rivières, Quebec;

Deaths:
1950 — Russian composer Nikolai Miaskovsky, age 69, in Moscow;
1967 — Czech-born composer Jaromir Weinberger, age 71, commits suicide at his home in St. Peterburg, Florida (where he settled in 1939); Weinberger had composed one very popular work, his 1927 opera "Schwanda, the Bagpiper," but was reportedly despondent that he was unable to produce any other equally successful works;

Premieres:
1882 — Tchaikovsky: "1812 Overture," in Moscow (Gregorian date: Aug. 20);
1942 — Poulenc: ballet "Les Animaux modèles" (The Model Animals), at the Paris Opéra;
1943 — Piston: “Prelude and Allegro” for organ and strings, on a CBS radio broadcast by organist E. Power Biggs with Arthur Fiedler conducting;
1976 — David Del Tredici: first version of “An Alice Symphony” (after Lewis Carroll) in San Francisco; See also Aug. 7, 1991;
1984 — Berio: opera "Un re in ascolto" (A King Listens), at the Salzburg Festival in Austria;


Saturday, August 9
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SYNOPSIS:
"J.D." Bach, perhaps? ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
J.S. Bach (1685 – 1750):
Prelude and Fugue in C, S. 531
Kevin Bowyer, organ
Nimbus 5500

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On J.S. Bach

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1781 — Austrian composer, violinist, and conductor Michael Umlauff, in Vienna; He conducted the orchestra, chorus, and soloists assembled for the premiere performance of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony at Vienna's Kärtnertor Theater on May 7, 1824; After the totally deaf Beethoven set the initial tempos for each movement, the performers were instructed to ignore Beethoven if he continued to beat time, and to follow Umlauf;
1874 — Venezuelan-born French composer, conductor and music critic Reynaldo Hahn, in Caracas;
1875 — English light music composer Albert William Ketèlbey, in Aston;

Deaths:
1919 — Italian composer Ruggero Leoncavallo, age 62, in Montecatini;
1975 — Soviet composer Dmitri Shostakovich, age 68, in Moscow;
1988 — Italian composer Giacinto Scelsi, age 83, in Rome;

Premieres:
1862 — Berlioz: opera "Beatrice and Benedick," in Baden-Baden at the Neues Theater, with the composer conducting; The libretto (by Berlioz himself) is based on Shakespeare's comedy "Much Ado About Nothing";
1949 — Orff: opera "Antigone," in Salzburg at the Felsenreitschile;
1972 — London premiere of Andrew Lloyd-Webber: musical "Jesus Christ Superstar";
1978 — Dave Brubeck: oratorio “Beloved Son,” at the American Lutheran Women’s Convention in Minneapolis, Minn., with Richard Sieber conducting;
1979 — Hanson: ballet "Nymph and Satyr" in Chautauqua, Tennessee;
1988 — Peter Maxwell Davies: Symphony No. 5, during a BBC Proms Concert at London's Royal Albert Hall, by the Philharmonia Orchestra, with the composer conducting;


Sunday, August 10
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SYNOPSIS:
William Henry Fry ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
William Henry Fry (1813 – 1864):
Macbeth Overture
Royal Scottish National Orchestra; Tony Rowe, cond.
Naxos 8.559057

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On William Henry Fry
On Fry as an opera composer
Sheet music from one of Fry's operas

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1813 — American composer and journalist, William Henry Fry, in Philadelphia; Some earlier sources list August 19 as Fry's birth date;
1865 — Russian composer Alexander Glazunov, in St. Petersburg (Julian date: July 29);
1893 — American opera composer Douglas Moore, in Cutchogue (Long Island), N.Y.;
1932 — German-born English composer Alexander Goehr, in Berlin;
1935 — Georgian composer Giya Kancheli, in Tbilisi, former USSR;

Deaths:
1806 — Austrian composer Michael Haydn (younger brother of Franz Joseph), in Salzburg, age 68;
1970 — German composer Bernd Alois Zimmermann, age 52, commits suicide in Königsdorf, leaving behind his posthumous "Requiem";
1997 — American composer Conlon Nancarrow, age 84, in Mexico City;

Premieres:
1949 — Milhaud: Octet for Strings, at Mills College in California, by the combined Budapest and Paganini Quartets;
1965 — Wm. Schuman: "Philharmonic Fanfare," by the New York Philharmonic conducted by William Steinberg, at the orchestra's first outdoor concert in New York's Central Park;
1968 — Grofé: "Virginia City: Requiem for a Ghost Town," in Virginia City, Nevada;
1981 — John Tavener: "Akhmatova: Requiem," at the Edinburgh Festival in Scotland;
1992 — James MacMillan: "Veni, Veni, Emmanuel" (Percussion Concerto), at Royal Albert Hall in London, with soloist Evelyn Glennie and the Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jukka-Pekka Sarsate conducting;
2001 — Per Norgard: String Quartet No. 9 ("Into the Source"), at the Sante Fe Chamber Music Festival, by the Orion String Quartet;