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April 7 — April 13, 2003

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Monday, April 7
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SYNOPSIS:
The "historically informed" Mr. Burney ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
George Frederic Handel (1685 – 1757):
Belshazzar
Vienna Concentus Musicus; Nikolaus Harnoncourt, cond.
Teldec 97988

Charles Burney (1726 - 1814):
Tell us, O Women
Psalmody and The Parley of Instruments; Peter Holman, cond.
Hyperion 67150

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Burney
PDF download of Burney's "History of Music"

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1726 — British composer, music journalist and historian Charles Burney, in Shrewsbury; This date is according to the Julian "Old Style" calendar still in use in England that year; Under the Gregorian "New Style" calendar, this date would be April 18;
1763 — Italian composer and double-bass virtuoso Domenico Dragonetti, in Venice;
1899 — French composer and pianist Robert Casadesus, in Paris;
1920 — Indian composer and sitar virtuoso Ravi Shankar, in Benares;

Deaths:
1783 — German composer Ignaz Holzbauer, age 71, in Mannheim;

Premieres:
1713 — Handel: "Utrecht Te Deum," at St. Paul's Cathedral in London (Gregorian date: April 18);
1724 — Bach: "St. John Passion" performed on Good Friday at the Nikolaikirche in Leipzig;
1745 — Handel: oratorio “Belshazzar” (Julian date: March 27);
1805 — first public performance of Beethoven: Symphony No. 3 ("Eroica") at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna, with composer conducting; This symphony had been performed at least twice at private concerts arranged in late 1804 and early 1805;
1923 — Hahn: operetta "Ciboulette," in Paris at the Théâtre des Variétés;
1928 — Miaskovsky: Symphony No. 10, in Moscow;
1965 — Henze: opera "Der junge Lord" (The Young Lord), in West Berlin at the Deutsche Oper;
1994 — John Harbison: Cello Concerto, in Boston, with Yo-Yo Ma and the Boston Symphony, Seiji Ozawa conducting;
2005 — Augusta Read Thomas: “Final Soliloquy of the Interior Paramour” for mezzo-soprano, tenor and chamber ensemble, at the Columbia University’s Miller Theater in New York City.


Tuesday, April 8
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SYNOPSIS:
Bach and Mozart in New York ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
J.S .Bach (arr. Respighi):
Passacaglia in c
BBC Philharmonic; Leonard Slatkin, cond.
Chandos 9835

Wolfgang Mozart (1756 – 1791):
Sinfonia Concertante, K. 364/320d
Midori, violin; Nobuko Imai, viola; NDR Symphony; Christoph Eschenbach, cond
Sony 89488

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
More on Theodore Thomas

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1533 — Italian composer and publisher Claudio Merculo, in Correggio;
1692 — Italian composer and violin virtuoso Giuseppe Tartini, in Pirano;
1881 — Russian composer Nikolai Miaskovsky (Gregorian date: April 20);

Deaths:
1848 — Italian opera composer Gaetano Donizetti, age 50, in Bergamo;
1858 — Austrian composer and publisher Anton Diabelli, age 76, in Vienna;
1920 — American composer Charles Tomlinson Griffes, age 35, in New York;
1937 — American composer Arthur Foote, age 84, in Boston;

Premieres:
1708 — Handel: oratorio "La Resurrezione" (The Resurrection), at the Bonelli Palace in Rome, with Arcangelo Corelli leading the orchestra;
1876 — Ponchielli: opera "La Gioconda," in Milan at the Teatro alla Scala;
1894 — Bruckner: Symphony No. 5, in Graz, with Franz Schalk conducting his own much-edited and re-orchestrated version of Bruckner's score; The Schalk edition was subsequently published as the "official" version of the symphony; The composer's original version of this symphony was first performed in 1935 and published in 1936;
1927 — Varèse: "Arcana" for orchestra, by the Philadelphia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski conducting;
1931 — Shostakovich: ballet "The Bolt," in Leningrad, at the Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet;
1935 — Bartók: String Quartet No.5, at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, by the Kolisch Quartet;
1938 — Walter Piston: Symphony No. 1, by the Boston Symphony, with the composer conducting;
1949 — Bernstein: Symphony No. 2 ("The Age of Anxiety"), by the Boston Symphony conducted by Serge Koussevutzky, with composer as piano soloist;
1983 — Christopher Rouse: "Rotae Passionis" (Passion Wheels) for chamber ensemble, in Boston, by Boston Musica Viva, Richard Pittman conducting;
1985 — Michael Torke: "The Yellow Pages" for chamber quintet, at Yale University in New Haven, Conn., by the Yale Contemporary Players;
1989 — Libby Larsen: "Songs from Letters" (of Calamity Jane to her daughter), for soprano and orchestra, in New York, by soprano Mary Elizabeth Poorel
1999 — Bright Sheng: "Three Songs" for pipa and cello, at The White House in Washington, DC, by Wu Man (pipa) and Yo-Yo Ma (cello);


Wednesday, April 9
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SYNOPSIS:
Florence Price and Marion Anderson ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Florence Price (1887 – 1953):
Symphony No. 3
The Women's Philharmonic; Apo Hsu, cond.
Koch 7518

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Florence Price
More on Florence Price
On some newly-rediscovered works by Price

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1717 — Austrian composer Georg Matthias Monn, in Vienna;
1846 — Italian-born British composer and vocal teacher Sir Francesco Paolo Tosti, in Ortona;
1887 — American composer Florence Price, in Little Rock, Ark.;
1906 — Hungarian-born American composer and conductor Antal Dorati, in Budapest;
1935 — Finnish composer Aulis Sallinen, in Salmi;

Deaths:
1933 — German composer and organist Sigfrid Karg-Elert, age 55, in Leipzig;
1960 — Australian composer and pianist Arthur Benjamin, age 66, in London;

Premieres:
1903 — Frederick S. Converse: "Endymion's Narrative" for orchestra, by the Boston Symphony, Wilhelm Gericke conducting;
1916 — de Falla: "Nights in the Gardens of Spain" for piano and orchestra, in Madrid;
1920 — Stenhammar: incidental music for Shakespeare's "As You Like It," at the Lorensberg Theater in Gothenburg, Sweden;
1926 — Varèse: "Amériques," by the Philadelphia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski conducting;
1942 — Stravinsky: "Circus Polka" at Madison Square Gardens in New York, by the Barnum & Bailey Circus, with M. Evans conducting;
1948 — Barber: song-cycle "Knoxville: Summer of 1915" for voice and orchestra, by the Boston Symphony with Serge Koussevitzky conducting and soprano Eleanor Steber the soloist;
1959 — Benjamin Lees: "Prologue, Capriccio and Epilogue" for orchestra, in Portland, Ore.;
1967 — Ned Rorem: "Water Music"for clarinet, violin and orchestra, by the Youth Chamber Orchestra of Oakland, with Robert Hughes conducting and Larry London (clarinet) and Thomas Halpin (violin) the soloists;


Thursday, April 10
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SYNOPSIS:
Clarinet works by Poulenc and Tower ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Francis Poulenc (1899 - 1963):
Clarinet Sonata
Richard Stoltzman, clarinet; Irma Vallecillo, piano
BMG 60198

Joan Tower (b. 1938):
Clarinet Concerto
David Shifrin, clarinet; The Louisville Orchestra
D'Note 1016

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Francis Poulenc
On Joan Tower

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1864 — Scottish-born German composer and pianist Eugéne d'Albert, in Glasgow;
1892 — Italian composer and conductor Victor de Sabata, in Trieste;

Deaths:
1911 — Lithuanian painter and composer Mikolajus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, age 35, in Pustelnik-Minski, near Warsaw (Julian date March 28);

Premieres:
1868 — Brahms: "A German Requiem," at a Good Friday concert at Bremen Cathedral conducted by the composer;
1886 — Chabrier: opera "Gwendoline," in Brussels;
1913 — Montemezzi: opera "L'Amore dei tre re" (The Love Three Kings), in Milan at the Teatro della Scala, with Tullio Serafin conducting;
1919 — Fauré: "Masques et bergamasques" (Masks and Bergamascas), in Monte Carlo;
1927 — Antheil: "A Jazz Symphony," at Carnegie Hall in New York, by members of the W.C. Handy with the composer at the piano;
1935 — Vaughan Williams: Symphony No. 4, in London, by the BBC Symphony, Sir Adrian Boult conducting;
1936 — Carlos Chavez: "Sinfonia India," by the Boston Symphony with the composer conducting;
1963 — Poulenc: Clarinet Sonata, at Carnegie Hall (posthumously) with clarinetist Benny Goodman and pianist Leonard Bernstein;
1984 — Ellen Taaffe Zwilich: "Prologue and Variations" for strings, by the Chattanooga Symphony, Richard Cormier conducting;
1988 — Joan Tower: Clarinet Concerto, with soloist Charles Neidich and the American Symphony Orchestra, Jorge Mester conducting;
1992 — Michael Torke: "Music on the Floor," for chamber ensemble, in Milwaukee, Wisc., by the Present Music ensemble, Kevin Stalheim conducting;
1996 — Stanislaw Skrowaczewski: "Passacaglia Immaginaria," in Minneapolis by the Minnesota Orchestra, Eiji Oue conducting.
2005 — Gabriela Lena Frank: “Ghosts in the Dream Machine” for piano quintet, in Philadelphia, by pianist Simone Dinnerstein and the Chiara Quartet.


Friday, April 11
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SYNOPSIS:
Mozart and Allegri ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Gregorio Allegri (1582 - 1652):
Miserere
The Tallis Scholars
Gimell 454 990

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Gregorio Allegri

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1682 — French composer Jean-Joseph Mouret, in Avignon; He achieved belated fame in American when one of his trumpet fanfares was used as the theme for public televisions's "Masterpiece Theater";
1891 — Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev (Gregorian date: April 23);
1916 — Argentine composer Alberto Ginastera, in Buenos Aires;

Premieres:
1689 — possible premiere of Purcell: opera "Dido and Aeneas,"in Chelsea (London) at Josias Priest's School for Young Ladies; This exact date and circumstance of this premiere is uncertain: April 30 th is also cited as a possibility (April 11, 1689 marked the coronation of the Protestant monarchs William and Mary, and April 30 th was Queen Mary's birthday); In any case, the premiere most likely occurred sometime before the libretto by Nahum Tate was published in December of 1689;
1727 — J.S. Bach: possible premiere of "St. Matthew Passion" (first version), at the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig;
1814 — Beethoven: "Archduke" Piano Trio in Bb, Op. 97, at the Hotel "Zum Romischen Kaiser" in Vienna, with violinist Ignaz Schuppanzigh, cellist Joseph Linke, and the composer at the piano; This was the last time the Beethoven performed in public as a pianist;
1884 — d'Indy: symphonic poem "La Mort de Wallenstein" (Wallenstein's Death), in Paris;
1891 — Dvorák: "Dumky" Piano Trio, Op. 90, in Prague, at a concert celebrating Dvorák's honorary doctorate from Prague's Charles University, with Ferdinand Lachner (violin), Hanus Wihan (cello), and the composer at the piano;
1902 — Loeffler: "Two Poems"for orchestra, by the Boston Symphony, Wilhelm Gericke conducting;
1920 — Respighi: "Ballata delle gnomidi" (Dance of the Gnomes) for orchestra, in Rome, Bernardino Molinari conducting;
1934 — Bloch: "Sacred Service," in New York City, by the Schola Cantorum, conducted by the composer;
1965 — David Amram: Passover opera "The Final Ingredient" is produced on television in New York City;
1967 — Hovhaness: "The Holy City" for orchestra, in Portland, Maine;
1999 — Augusta Read Thomas: "Passion Prayers" for solo cello and six instruments, in Philadelphia by the Network for New Music, with cellist Scott Kluksdahl;


Saturday, April 12
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SYNOPSIS:
Loeffler's Quartet ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Charles Martin Loeffler (1861 – 1935):
String Quartet in a
DaVinci Quartet
Naxos 8.559077

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Loeffler
Loeffler's portrait sketch by John Singer Sargent

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1772 — Italian composer and violinist Pietro Nardini, in Livorno;
1801 — Austrian composer and violinist Josef Lanner, in Vienna;
1932 — Bulgarian-born American composer Henri Lazarof, in Sofia;

Deaths:
1814 — British composer, music journalist and historian Charles Burney, age 88, in Chelsea;

Premieres:
1735 — Handel: Organ Concertos Op. 4, no. 4. (Julian date: April 1);
1747 — Handel: oratorio "Judas Maccabaeus" (Julian date: April 1);
1826 — Weber: opera "Oberon," in London at Covent Garden, conducted by the composer;
1867 — Offenbach: operetta "Le Grande Duchesse de Gerolstein" (The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein), in Paris;
1892 — Loeffler: 2nd 3rd mvts, fr String Quartet in A minor, at Boston's Union Hall by the Adamowski Quartet; The same ensemble had premiered the 2nd mvt of this four-movement Quartet in Philadelphia during the 1889-90 season, that performance being the first public performance of any of Loeffler's compositions;
1907 — Henry Hadley: tone poem "Salome" (after Oscar Wilde), by the Boston Symphony, Karl Muck conducting;
1930 — Janácek: opera "From the House of the Dead," in Brno at the National Theater; The score for this performance was extensively reorchestrated by two pupils of Janácek; More recent performances have used editions prepared by Rafael Kubelik or Charles Mackerras which are closer to Janácek's original score;
1933 — Castelnuovo-Tedesco: Violin Concerto No. 2 ("The Prophets"), at Carnegie Hall by the New York Philharmonic, with Arturo Toscanini conducting and Jascha Heifetz as soloist;
1957 — Wallingford Riegger: Symphony No. 4, at the University of Illinois, Urbana;
1978 — Ligeti: opera "La Grand Macabre," in Stockholm at the Royal Opera;
1995 — John Williams: "Bassoon Concerto ("The Five Sacred Trees"), by Judith LeClair and the New York Philharmonic conducted by Kurt Masur;


Sunday, April 13
Play today's program

SYNOPSIS:
Goldberg and Rzewski ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
J. S. Bach (1685 –1750):
Goldberg Variations
Murray Perahia, piano
Sony 89243

Frederic Rzewski (b. 1938):
Variations on "The People United will never be defeated!"
Frederic Rzewski, piano
Nonesuch 79623

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On the "Goldberg Variations"
On Frederic Rzewski

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1810 — French composer Felicien David, in Cadenet, Vaucluse;
1816 — English composer Sir William Sterndale Bennett, in Sheffield;
1938 — American composer and pianist Frederic Rzewski, in Westfield, Mass.;

Deaths:
1756 — Burial date of the German composer and keyboard virtuoso Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, age c. 29, in Dresden;
1826 — German composer Franz Danzi, age 62, in Schwetzingen;
1944 — French composer and pianist Cécile Chaminade, age 86, in Monte Carlo;

Premieres:
1742 — Handel: oratorio, "Messiah,"in Dublin (Gregorian date: April 24);
1789 — Mozart: Divertimento in Eb (K. 563) for string trio, in Dresden, by Anton Teiber (violin), Anton Kraft (cello), and the composer (viola);
1943 — Randall Thompson: "A Testament of Freedom" for men's voices and piano, at the University of Virginia; The orchestral version of this work premiered in Boston on April 6, 1945;
1952 — Morton Gould: Symphony No. 4 ("West Point Symphony") for band, during the West Point Military Academy Sesquicentennial Celebration in West Point, N.Y, by the Academy Band, with the composer conducting;
1961 — Luigi Nono: opera "Intolerance 1960," in Venice at the Teatro La Fenice;
1992 — Schnittke: opera "Life with an Idiot," in Amsterdam at the Dutch Opera;
1997 — Morten Lauridsen: "Lux Aeterna"for chorus and chamber orchestra, at Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, by the Los Angeles Master Chorale, Paul Salamunovich conducting;
2000 — Danielpour: Piano Trio ("A Child's Reliquary"), at Hancher Auditorium at the University of Iowa, by the Kalichstein-Robinson-Laredo Trio;